The red dragon itself has been associated with Wales for centuries. It is considered that the Welsh kings of Aberffraw first adopted the dragon in the early fifth century to symbolize their power and authority after the Romans withdrew from Britain. It also can be linked to the Arthurian legends. Uther Pendragon, the father of Arthur, name translates as Dragon Head, and all the Pendragons used a Dragon banner. There is also a prophecy of Myrddin (or Merlin) telling of a long fight between a red dragon and a white dragon, symbolizing the historical struggle between the Welsh (red dragon) and the English (white dragon). The oldest recorded use of the dragon to symbolize Wales is from the Historia Brittonum, written by the historian Nennius around 820.
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